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A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Midwifery (Volume One)
Smellie, William
Published by Printed for D. Wilson and T. Durham, London
Location of original: Countway Rare Books, Harvard University
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Page 452


452 Of NURSES in general.  

child; and the quality may be ascertained by examining the milk, which she may be ordered to pour into a wine glass, about two or three hours after she hath eaten and drank, and suckled her own child. If, when falling in a single drop upon the nail, it runs off immediately, the milk is too thin; if the drop stands in a round globe, it is too thick; but when the drop remains in a flattened form, the milk is judged to be of a right consistence: in a word, it may be as well distinguished by its opacity or transparency, when it is dashed up on the side of the glass: besides, it ought to be sweet to the taste, and in colour inclining to blue rather than to yellow. Red-hair'd women, or such as are very fair and delicate, are commonly objected to in the quality of nurses; but this maxim is not without exceptions: and on this subject, Boerhaave's institutes, with Haller's commentary, may be consulted.

 Although it is certainly most natural for children to suck, it may be sometimes necessary to bring them up by hand; that is, nourish them with pap: because proper wet nurses cannot always be found, and many


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